Smart contracts

(noun): Self-executing computer programs that automatically enforce the terms of an agreement.

Example: A smart contract can be used to facilitate a digital payment when specific conditions are met, such as the delivery of goods.


(noun): A programming language used to write smart contracts on the Ethereum blockchain.

Example: Developers use Solidity to create decentralized applications (DApps) and automate processes.


(noun): The ability of a system to handle increased workload or user demand efficiently.

Example: Scalability is a scalable online shopping platform that can handle a surge in visitors during holiday sales without slowing down.


(noun): Measures taken to protect against unauthorized access, data breaches, and other potential threats.

Example: Using strong passwords and encryption to secure sensitive information.


(noun/verb): The process of locking up cryptocurrency to support network operations or participate in proof-of-stake (PoS) block validation.

Example: Staking 100 tokens in a PoS blockchain to become an active validator.


(noun/verb): A technique used to improve blockchain scalability by partitioning data into smaller segments (shards).

Example: “Sharding allows a blockchain to process transactions more efficiently by dividing the workload among different nodes.”


(noun): Separate blockchains that can interact with the main blockchain while running independently.

Example: A sidechain can be used to test new features before deploying them to the main chain.

Staking pools

(noun): Pools where multiple users combine their staking resources to increase their chances of earning rewards in a PoS network.

Example: By joining a staking pool, small investors can pool their funds together for a greater chance of receiving staking rewards.

Storage decentralization

(noun): Distributing data across multiple nodes or devices rather than storing it on a centralized server.

Example: A decentralized file storage system that utilizes the unused space on users’ computers to store and retrieve files securely.